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The effect of alcohol on semen

Drinking alcohol, especially hard liquor, has a detrimental effect on health, including the functioning of the reproductive system. In particular, alcohol has a negative effect on the state of sperm and the process of spermatogenesis, reducing male fertility. This is due to the properties of ethanol, which destroys the protective barriers of the body, as a result of which metabolic processes at the cellular level are irreversibly changed. And first of all, the organs of the reproductive system suffer, since the process of spermatogenesis is continuous, which means that metabolic processes occur more intensively.

Due to alcohol consumption:

  • the composition of the sperm, its consistency, the concentration of sperm are changing;
  • the intensity of sperm production decreases;
  • blood circulation in the body as a whole and in the organs of the reproductive system worsens;
  • reduced sperm motility;
  • the number of pathological forms of germ cells increases significantly.
  • Each case of alcohol consumption, even in small amounts, negatively affects the spermatogenesis process, which lasts for 68–85 days. Even a single intake of alcohol inhibits testosterone production for 5 days, which in turn can lead to erectile dysfunction, decreased libido and impotence.

An increase in the concentration of defective spermatozoa increases the chances of fertilization with just such a germ cell, which will increase the risk of developing fetal pathologies and may lead to the birth of a child with genetic disorders.

Low-quality alcohol can contain high concentrations of methanol and fusel oils. The use of such drinks leads to blindness and general poisoning of the body, up to death, and the probability of a successful conception is close to zero.

Alcohol and spermogram

When preparing for the delivery of a spermogram, refusing alcohol is one of the prerequisites. Consider what is dictated by this. Spermogram evaluates the parameters of semen by macro- and microscopic indicators.

Against the background of alcohol consumption:

  • sperm volume decreases as a result of suppression of the functions of the reproductive system;
  • the liquefaction time increases, that is, the sperm becomes thicker, which makes it difficult to deliver the sperm to the egg;
  • the process of spermatogenesis is disrupted, which inevitably affects the production of cells with an ideal structure, and, conversely, the number of defective spermatozoa increases;
  • alcohol provokes the formation of defects in the tail of the sperm, which negatively affects the trajectory and speed of their movement;

When asked how much alcohol should not be drunk before taking a spermogram, doctors give a clear answer: at least 7 days. But during pregnancy planning or in preparation for participation in donor programs and ART programs, it is recommended to completely eliminate alcohol at least 3 months in advance.

Beer and low alcohol drinks

Low alcohol drinks such as beer and some others are often perceived as harmless. They are drunk at dinner, in the bathhouse, and just during friendly get-togethers. But are they so harmless?

Consider whether you can drink beer before a spermogram.

  • beer contains alcohol, albeit in small quantities. And we have already talked about the negative effect of alcohol-containing drinks on the quality of sperm;
  • in beer there is a high concentration of phytoestrogens, similar in their properties to female sex hormones. They inhibit libido in men, slow down or markedly reduce testosterone production. Often, a beer drinker can be identified by a characteristic female pattern, including breast enlargement;
  • beer is very high in calories. Fans of this drink even call it “liquid bread”. But due to this particular feature, regular consumption of beer leads to weight gain and, as a result, obesity. Unhealthy obesity, coupled with the above factors, disrupts the reproductive system.
  • Non-alcoholic beer also cannot be considered a harmless drink. Yes, there is no alcohol in it, but there are enough phytoestrogens, and the negative effect of which on the reproductive abilities of men was mentioned earlier.

As for other low-alcohol drinks, such as tonics that are now popular, they cannot be considered completely harmless either. First, they also contain alcohol. Secondly, they are generously flavored with dyes, flavors and preservatives. In combination with even a small amount of alcohol, they cause irreparable harm to human health in general and his ability to conceive and have children in particular.

Alcohol before spermogram

It has been proven that alcohol affects not only the gastrointestinal tract and liver, but also the organs of the reproductive system. In particular, the prostate gland, testes, testicles are affected. Male fertility depends on the normal functioning of each of these organs. Accordingly, the more alcohol was drunk, the stronger it was, the worse the spermogram results.

Many people believe that taking small doses of alcohol that does not lead to intoxication does not harm the body and certainly cannot affect the results of the spermogram. This is not true. The body does not have time to recover, and negative changes are growing like a snowball. As a result, the fertilizing ability of sperm decreases, which cannot but be reflected in the spermogram.

The influence of alcohol on spermogram can be direct and indirect. The influence of ethanol contained in alcoholic beverages affects sperm motility. And the deterioration of the general condition of the body gives a distorted clinical picture.

If, before the spermogram, the doctor determines that in the previous days the patient has taken alcohol, he may refuse the study, citing a violation of the rules for preparing for the analysis. The results of such a study will be unreliable, which means that it is pointless to rely on them when prescribing a treatment regimen.

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